You Speak Mandarin, You Are Not a Shanxier


Before you read my post, I would like to offer some background knowledge.

  1. Standard Mandarin is the official language in China. While Chinese people use simplified characters in writing, they may speak a variety of dialects depending on where they are. These dialects are spoken in different ways. I found a video that presents how Mandarin and some dialects are spoken and sound differently. Please check it out via
  1. In China, 4 or 5 undergraduate students share one dormitory together, which indicates they do not have their private room.

Every time I encounter a Shanxier outside Shanxi province, they do not believe I am a Shanxier because of my inability to speak Shanxi dialect. While “a single linguistic choice can mark you as a member of (or let you affiliate with) a particular community” (Van Herk, 2012, p. 97), I therefore believe that I lose some of my identity as a Shanxier and I sometimes feel isolated because I fail to speak Shanxi dialect.

“Seriously, are you not able to speak Shanxi dialect?”

“Sorry, I am not able to, even though I am able to understand it perfectly well.”

Whenever I have such a conversation with either my friends or other Shanxiers, they do not believe me. My best friend comes from Sichuan province. I still remember her surprise when I told her that I am not able to speak Shanxi dialect. She said: “You know, when I encounter a Sichuaner in Beijing, I speak Sichuan dialect automatically because I feel like I am home. It really connects us together and I feel good to speak it. Now, you told me that you cannot speak Shanxi dialect, that is absolutely weird!”

However, the truth is that my parents have been speaking Mandarin to me since I was born, I am thereby not able to speak Shanxi dialect. Furthermore, they told me that Mandarin is the official language in China. If everyone speaks it for daily communications, and I should do the same. Although my mom speaks Shanxi dialect with my grandmother and her friends, she never teaches me how to speak it. When I proposed if she could teach me Shanxi dialect, she refused to do so because she believed that it sounds unpleasant and rude. At that time, she also did not allow me to learn it from my classmates or friends, otherwise she would be disappointed. Instead, my parents encouraged me to speak Mandarin and they even managed to persuade me that Mandarin sounds more euphonious than Shanxi dialect. Since then, I only speak Mandarin.

As time goes by, Mandarin does facilitate my daily communications nationwide, but it also brings me some troubles. For instance, I could not call my parents in my dormitory when I was an undergraduate student because my roommates could understand what I was talking about. As a result, I had to call my parents outside our dormitory in order to keep secrets. However, my roommates speak both Mandarin and their local dialects. While a roommate of mine telephoned his parents in Hunan dialect happily, another one spoke Anhui dialect on the phone with his girlfriend (Hunan dialect and Anhui dialect are spoken very differently). I felt I was deaf because I did not know their dialects at all, even though they were really engaged in the communications! (I did not intend to listen to their conversations because they just happened to speak in the room.)

Although I am not able to speak Shanxi dialect, I gradually picked up some Beijing dialect when I did my BA in Beijing, which went really beyond my parents’ expectation. Mandarin mainly originates from it and some other northern dialects, so their pronunciations are quite similar. Therefore, I learned Beijing dialect automatically and have blended it in my spoken Mandarin. Only the locals will identify that I am not a Beijinger because of my accent. While I communicate with someone else, even my mother should tell me that I speak Beijing dialect like a Bejinger does. That is why I am often regarded as a Beijinger rather than a Shanxier, and I have to tell other people my “interesting” story of language learning.

Honestly, I believe that my parents made the wrong decision on my language learning. Unfortunately, I do not think I have an opportunity to learn Shanxi dialect as I am too old to learn it very well. I am from Shanxi where my identity and belongingness lie, but I still feel upset when someone finds that I am not able to speak its dialect.



Van Herk, G. (2012). Ethnicity. In Gerard. V. H. (Ed.), What is sociolinguistics (pp. 96-105). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons.


3 thoughts on “You Speak Mandarin, You Are Not a Shanxier”

  1. Samuel Marticotte, comment 4 :

    Hi Colin ! Thank you for posting your story, it’s very interesting. I didn’t know that this could be an issue in China, first time I hear about it. I do not have a detailed understanding of the linguistic situation in China, so reading your article many questions came up to my mind in relation to the readings. I am curious to know what is associated with the shanxi dialect ? Is it a lower class level dialect ? Does it have any prestige in your province ? Is it a marker of your provincial identity or does it perform other roles ? Who usually speaks it and why do people adopt/have it in general? Thank you for sharing !


  2. Honestly speaking, I should not have posted this blog because when I re-read it, I did not really explain this issue clearly. What made this posting worse was that I even caught a fever(I did not know how it came) when I wrote the post . I did my stats mid-term this evening, so now I have time to put more information in it. After that, I will answer all of your questions! (This will be a really long story if I am able to tell it clearly!)


  3. By Wai In Chan

    Thank you for your post, Colin! You bring up a very peculiar subject about dialects of a national language and how that distinguishes between provinces. I actually had a similar experience to you when I went back to visit my home country of Hong Kong. I thought that the grammar and dialogue phrases that my mother taught me were the appropriate terms to use, however, after several experiences with the waiter or salesperson, I realized that my Cantonese was a different variation. I also had a different accent than most of the people living in that area of Hong Kong. I felt like an outsider sometimes when I did not understand the dialect of the people around me, but it was interesting to listen to them and try to figure out with region they came from. When I came back to Montreal, I asked my mother about it and she told me that the Cantonese she speaks around the house is actually a slang form of Cantonese, and it is actually the Cantonese she spoke over 30 years ago with her friends and family in Hong Kong. Since then, she has never returned to Hong Kong and has no experience with the evolution of the language (especially with the new fast-paced speed of speech). I think that I would have to live in Hong Kong for a few years in order to pick up the accent and understand certain variations or new slang in the Cantonese language today!


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s